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2018届高三高考英语书面表达辅导

[日期:2018-06-07] 来源:英语教研组  作者:陈平 [字体: ]

 第一部分 高考英语写作技巧

(一)掌握技巧:

1)注意篇章结构,合理布局

  开始部分(opening paragraph——说出文中的要点、核心问题。

  正文部分(Body paragraphs——围绕主题开展叙述、讨论。

  结尾部分(concluding paragraphs——对全文的总结和概括。

  要做到全文中心突出、段落之间必须是有机地联系,内容完整、连贯。前后呼应,祛除与主题无关的内容。

  

2)确定主题句

  主题句是对全文的概括,是文章的主旨。它能在文章中起到画龙点睛的作用。通常主题句出现在一篇文章的开头,而后,全文对主题句所提出的内容进行解释,扩展。

  写主题句应注意以下几点:

归纳出你要写的文章的几个要点

提炼出一句具有概括性的话

主题句应具有可读性,抓住、吸引读者。

 

(二)巧用连接词
  要想使文章有整体性、连贯性,就要学会正确使用连接词表示罗列增加

First, second, third, First, then /next, after that / next, finally

For one thing … for another…,

On (the) one hand…on the other hand,

Besides / what’s more / in addition / furthermore / moreover / another / also,

Especially / In particular,

 

 表示时间顺序

now, at present, recently, after, afterwards, after that, after a while, in a few days, at first, in the beginning, to begin with, later, next, finally, immediately, soon, suddenly, all of a sudden, at that moment, as soon as, the moment, form now on, from then on, at the same time, meanwhile, till, not…until, before, after, when, while, as during,

 

 表示解释说明[来源:Zxxk.Com]

now, in addition, for example, for instance, in this case, moreover, furthermore, in fact, actually

  

表示转折关系

but, however, while, though, or, otherwise, on the contrary, on the other hand, in contrast, despite, in spite of, even though, except (for), instead, of course, after all,

  

表示并列关系

or, and, also, too, not only … but also, as well as, both… and, either …or, neither…nor

  

表示因果关系

because, because of, since, now that, as, thanks to…, due to…, therefore, as a result (of), otherwise, so…that, such…that

  

表示条件关系

as (so) long as, on condition that, if, unless

  

表示让步关系

though, although, as, even if,even though, whether …or…, however, whoever, whatever, whichever, wherever, whenever, no matter how (who, what, which, where, when, whom)
  

表示举例

for example, for instance, such as…,take… for example

  

表示比较

be similar to, similarly, the same as, in contrast, compared with (to)…just like, just as,
  

表示目的

for this reason,, for this purpose, so that, in order to, so as to,

  

表示强调

in deed, in fact, surely, certainly, no doubt, without any doubt, truly, obviously, above all,

  

表示概括归纳

in a word, in short, in brief, on the whole, generally speaking, in my opinion, as far as I know, As we all know, as has been stated, as I have shown, finally, at last, in summary, in conclusion

 

(三)掌握常用句型:

 1. in order to  为了实现他的梦想,他学习非常努力。

He worked very hard in order to realize his dream.

2. in order that  她拼命干活以便到六点时把一切都准备就绪。

She worked hard in order that everything would be ready by 6 o’clock..

3. so…that  他们太累了,除了伸懒腰什么都做不了了。

They were all so tired that they could do nothing but yawn.

4. such…that  天气非常冷,以致于街上一个人都没有。[来源:学科网]

It was such a cold day that there was nobody on the street.

5. would rather do…than do  他宁愿听他人讲而不愿自己说。

He would rather listen to others than talk himself.

6. prefer doing to doing  他宁愿在精心准备后去做报告。

He prefers making speeches after careful preparation.

7. prefer to do…rather than do  比起女人,男人总是宁可在家睡觉也不愿花那么多时间来购物。Compared with women, men always prefer to sleep at home rather than spend so much time shopping.

8. not only…but also  在短短的三年的时间里她不但完成了所有课程,而且还获得了博士学位。In just three years, she had not only finished all the lessons, but also received her doctor’s degree.

 9. either…or  如果考试过关,你可以买一个MP3或去云南玩一趟。

You could either buy an MP3 or go to Yunnan for a visit if you pass the exam.

10. Neither…nor  他是一个无聊的人,既不爱娱乐,也不爱读书。

He is a boring man. He likes neither entertainment nor reading.

11. as well as  他善良又乐于助人。

He was kind as well as helpful.

12. …as well  这个小孩活泼又可爱。

The child is active and funny as well.

13. One…the other  你看见桌子上有两只笔吗?一支是红色的,另一支是黑色的。

Have you seen two pens on the desk? One is red, the other is black.

14. Some…others  每个人都很忙,有些在读书,有些在写作。

Everyone is busy in classroom. Some are reading, others are writing.

15. make…+adj /n  我们所做的可以让世界更美丽。

What we do will make the world more beautiful.

16. not…until  直到他告诉我发生的事,我才了解真相。

I didn’t know the truth until she told me what happened.

17. as if  他夸夸其谈好像什么事都知道。

He talks a lot as if he knows everything.

18. It is no use (good) doing…  假装不懂规则是行不通的。

It’s no use pretending that you didn’t know the rules.

19. find it + adj to do…  我觉得作听力时有必要作笔记。

I find it necessary to take down notes while listening.

20. It is + time since…  我已经有两年没见他了。

It is two years since I last met him.

21. It is + time when…  我到电影院时已经八点钟了。

It was 8 o’clock when I got to the cinema.

22. It is + time before…  不久我们就会再见面的。

I won’t be long before we can meet again.

23. It is…that…  我最珍视的是友谊。

It is friendship that I value most.

24. It is + n / adj + that / to do…  每个人都必须懂得如何使用计算机

It is a must that everybody should know how to use computers.

 

 

第二部分 高考英语书面表达体裁内容分类模版

一、图表作文的模板 

写作点拨:

1. 仔细观察图表,认真阅读图表前的提示。了解图表所反映的类容,研究图表所反映出来的规律,用简洁的语言概括图表的内容,

2. 处理相关数据。对数据的处理不必面面俱到,但要概括出特征,为后文分析原因、揭示规律、发表看法做铺垫。

3. 用好关联词。注意短文内容的衔接、过渡和前后呼应。常用的词语有:compared with, on the other hand, however, in my opinion等。

4. 确定文章结构。此类文章的结构一般为:开头简明扼要,直接切入主题;通过数据说明基本走势;比较数据,揭示显著特征;必要时对今后的走势做出估计;分析出现这种趋势的原因;指出现实生活中存在的问题后,用一两句话呼应短文的主题。

 

    As is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table (graph/picture/pie/chart),  ___议题___  has been on rise/ decrease  (goes up/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________.

  There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______. On the one hand, ________. On the other hand, _______ is due to the fact that ________. In addition, ________ is responsible for _______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing. 

  As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.

例一:右图是反映城乡教育差别的一幅图,请以Equal Educational Opportunity for All Children 为题写一篇英语短文。简要说明图片中的内容,然后从社会关注、政府投入等方面提出你的建议。

注意:1.字数150左右;

      2.可适当增加细节。

 

Equal Educational Opportunity for All Children

_______________________________________________________________________.

 

Equal Educational Opportunity for All Children

  The picture shows the wide gap between the city and the countryside in education. As we can see from it, a city boy is sitting on a comfortable chair, reading happily, while a boy from the countryside can only sit on the stone to study, with some farm work to do.

  The educational inequality has become a serious problem we are faced with at present. Urban schools have good teachers and first-class teaching equipment. By contrast, however, some rural schools are poorly equipped, let alone good teachers.

  I feel it is our duty to help the children in the poor areas. It’s high time that we took some measures to solve this problem. On the one hand, the whole society should pay close attention and call on people to do all they can to help them. On the other hand, the government must maintain the equal supply of educational resources and provide more money for schools in the rural area. In addition, good teachers should be encouraged to teach there. Only in this way can all children enjoy the equal educational opportunities whether they live in the city or in the countryside.

 

例二:以下两幅图是关于学生零花钱的问题。请你用英语写一篇短文,谈谈你的理解。短文必须包括以下内容:1. 图画反映了什么? 2.你对其原因的分析。 3.你的建议。

            

注意:1、必须包括所有要点,适当发挥,不要简单翻译。

2、词数150左右,开头已给出,不计入总数。

3、文中不得提及你所在学校与本人姓名。

With the development of our modern society, children have more and more pocket money, which is of public concern.____________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

With the development of our modern society, children have more and more pocket money, which is of public concern. As is seen from the pictures, nearly sixty percent of the students take 50-100yuan or more from their parents every week while forty percent get less than 10yuan. Although four in ten parents refuse to give the money when thinking it’s not reasonable, half of them seldom refuse their children’s request and one in ten cares little about how the money is spent. Therefore, some students with a large amount of pocket money may not know how to use it appropriately. Just as the picture shows, to show off how rich he is, one student treats his classmates to dinner, asking them to order whatever they like.

    I think the main reason for this is that children aren’t taught the skills to manage money. So I have some suggestions to make. First, parents should help kids learn money-management skills such as spending with a plan. Besides, more opportunities should be offered to kids, helping them know earning money is hard work. Only in this way will kids treasure the money.

 (170 words)

 

例三:读柱状图表写调查报告 [注意句式变换]

Middle school students have some ideas about their future jobs.

The most striking contrast is in teaching: 30percent of the girls would like to become teachers while only 5percent of the boys want to do the job. 20 percent of the boys want to do business and another 20 percent want to become lawyers, while girls make up 15percent in these two fields. What boys like to do most is to become managers and the second largest group would like to be scientists. Besides teaching, the second choice for girls is to be scientists and managers. The number is not small. Girls also expect to show their abilities in these two fields.

 

例四:我国学生过暑假的方式的变化。请根据这两幅图表, 用英语写一篇100词左右的文章。

 

参考词汇:图表chart  社会调查social investigation  减少decrease

From the two charts we can see that in the past ten years, students who go traveling and do social investigation have greatly increased while those who stay at home have decreased a lot.

  There are several reasons for the changes. Firstly, with the development of economy, students can get support from their parents for traveling. Secondly, tourism has greatly developed over ten years. In addition, school has been encouraging students to do social investigation in both cities and villages.

  From the changes we can predict that more and more students will make their summer vacation colorful and meaningful by going outside instead of staying at home.

 

例五:对学生课余生活进行了调查,结果如下。请根据图表1提供的信息描述学生每天的课余生活,并针对图2中的任何一个数据所反映的情况写出你的看法。词数不少于60。

分析:1.仔细读图,对图表进行说明;

2.描述当前情况,用一般现在时

1. 由于是说明学生的情况,应用第二人称

2. 要点很清楚

Sample writing:

  Chart1 shows the daily average amount of time the students of the school spend on different after-class activities. The students put the most time93 minutes into their homework, next in line is watching TV, which takes up 46 minutes. They put in about the same amount of time listening to music and working on the computer, 34 minutes and 30 minutes each.. While 25 minutes is spent on sports, only 12 minutes goes into housework.

   As is shown on Chart2, only 10% of the time is taken up with sports activities. I think the school should encourage the students to do more exercise after class. This way, they may be healthier and more energetic.

 

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