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2018年秋学期高一英语公开课茅炳彬

[日期:2018-11-21] 来源:英语教研组  作者:茅炳彬 [字体: ]

课件下载:temp_18112110063599.ppt

学案下载:temp_18112110075519.doc

 

射阳县高级中学2018年秋学期高一英语导学案

Module 1 Unit 2  Growing pains

               Grammar and usage

编写:茅炳彬

Learning objectives

1. Get students to master the uses of the  attributive clauses introduced by preposition+ which and preposition+ whom.

2. Learn how to use the attributive clauses introduced by the relative adverbs when, where and why.

Teaching procedures

l  Autonomous learning from objectives setting

Complete the two forms on the blackboard

l  Interactive learning from trouble shooting

I. Attributive clauses introduced by preposition+which and preposition+ whom

1.Fill in the blanks with relative pronouns(用关系代词填空).

1). Is this the play ____________ you were talking about just now?

    2). Daniel is the person ______________ I want to make friends with.

    3). Art is the subject ____________ I know little about.

    4). The Maths teacher is the person ____________ I got an A plus from.

    5). The topic ____________ Eric is interested in is Physics.

Conclusion:

The relative pronouns serve as the objects of the __________.关系代词作介词的宾语。

2.当关系代词在定语从句中充当介词的宾语时,我们用介词+关系代词(whomwhich)引导定语从句。如果指人,用介词+whom;如果指物,用介词+which

    Complete the following sentences using preposition+which or preposition+ whom:

    1). Is this the play                          you were talking just now?

    2). Daniel is the person                     I want to make friends.

    3). Art is the subject                      I know little.

    4). The Maths teacher is the person                 I got an A plus.

    5). The topic                   Eric is interested is Physics.

3.介词+关系代词的用法

  1)介词后面的关系代词不能省略;

2)某些在从句中充当时间,地点或原因状语的“介词+关系代词”结构可以同关系副词when ,where ,why互换;

3)如果关系代词是动词短语的宾语,动词短语中的介词不能前置。

This is the girl of whom he will take care.(×)

This is the girl whom he will take care of.()

4.介词的选用:主要通过三种方法确定

1)根据定语从句中的谓语动词或形容词确定

This is the book ____ which You asked.

The West Lake, ____ which Hangzhou is famous, is a beautiful place.

Have you met the person _____________whom he was speaking?

2)根据先行词来确定

In his room, we saw a big table ___ which there were all kinds of books.

3)根据定语从句所表达的意义来确定

Air, ______ which man can’t live, is really important.

5.用介词+关系代词填空

  1). Do you like the book                          she spent $10?   

2). Do you like the book                           she paid $10?

3). Do you like the book                           she learned a lot?   

4). Do you like the book                            he often talks?

5). He built a telescope                       he could study the sky.

  6There is a tall tree outside, ______________stands our teacher.

7China has a lot of rivers, the second longest ________is the Yellow River.

8The tower  ______________ people can have a good view is on the hill.

9The man _____________I spoke on the phone last night is very good at wrestling.

10He paid the boy $10 for washing ten windows, most ____________ hadnt been cleaned for at least a year.

II. Attributive clauses introduced by when ,where and why

1.      简介:关系副词when, where why通常在定语从句中做状语,表示时间、地点以及原因。通常情况下,用when引导的定语从句的先行词是time, moment, day, season, year 等;用where 引导的定语从句的先行词是place, house, city, country, world等;用why引导的定语从句的先行词 reason。在更加正式的语境当中,可以用介词+which替代关系副词when ,where why

2.      关系副词和先行词的关系

I still remember the day when I came here.      when=       the day

This is the house where I lived last year.      where=      the house

There are many reasons why people like traveling.  why=       the reasons

I don’t like the way that you speak.              That=        the way

  关系副词实际上是介词+先行词

3.      关系副词与介词+关系代词的转换

  We were sent into the space on Oct.12 , 2005.

 = Oct.12 , 2005 was the day _____________ we were sent into the space.

  We work in a space capsule(太空舱).

 = The space capsule is a place ______________ an astronaut works .

  Can you tell me the reason______________ you are taking pictures?

III. Fill in each blank and pay attention to the differences

▲“when” or “which”?

1). I still remember the days ________ we stayed  together in Beijing.

2). I still remember the days ________ we spent together in Beijing.

3). I still remember the days ________ we enjoyed ourselves in Beijing.

4). I still remember the days ________ we enjoyed in Beijing.

▲“where” or “which”?

5). That blue house is the place ________ I lived yesterday.

6). That blue house is the place ________ I visited yesterday.

7). That blue house is the place ________ I paid a visit yesterday.

8). That blue house is the place ________ I paid a visit to yesterday.

▲“why” or “which”?

9). Do you know the reason ________ he told me the news last week?

10). Do you know the reason ________ he told me last week?

11). Do you know the reason ________ he was late this morning?

12). Do you know the reason ________ he was late for this morning?

结论:如果定语从句中缺少主语、宾语或者定语,即尽管先行词是表示时间、地点或原因的,但它们在定语从句中不是作状语,而是作主语、宾语或定语时,也不能用关系副词(when,where, why),而要用关系代词。

l  Reflective learning from capacity improving

A.    Complete the following sentences using which/that, why,where , when or preposition+which(whom).

1.    Hangzhou is the place ______________ I went last summer.

2.    He read the book __________ his sister had told him about.

3.    The reason _____________ Peter is so happy is that he passed the exam.

 4.    I remember the day _____________ my father died. I was only ten years old at that time.

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匿名 发表于 2018/11/30 21:31:45
毛老师人特别好
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